Folder Inland Waters Biodiversity




Simply put, inland waters biodiversity is biodiversity associated with inland water ecosystems. This ecosystem diversity is very complex and includes both aquatic and terrestrial influences.

Inland water systems can be fresh or saline within continental and island boundaries. They include lakes, rivers, ponds, streams, groundwater, springs, cave waters, floodplains, as well as bogs, marshes and swamps, which are traditionally grouped as inland wetlands.

The biodiversity of inland waters is an important source of food, income and livelihood, particularly in rural areas in developing countries. Other values of these ecosystems include: water supply, energy production, transport, recreation and tourism, maintenance of the hydrological balance, retention of sediments and nutrients, and provision of habitats for various fauna and flora.

The biodiversity of freshwater ecosystems is declining faster than for any other biome. More». Vast changes are expected in world freshwater resources and hence in the ecosystem services provided by freshwater systems. Managing these changes is critical to human well-being.


For more information on Inland Waters biodiversity and the COP decisions on this subject:

Text source: Convention on Biological Diversity

PDF themadossier-bosbiodiversiteit.pdf Download Item only translated in Dutch
PDF dossier-biodiversite-des-eaux-interieures.pdf Download Item only translated in French

Photo of the day

Time difference
Brussels Nagoya